Second International Congress & Expo "EURASIABIO" wil lbe held on April 13-15, 2010 at World Trade Center, Moscow. 5th International Congress "Fuel Bioethanol -2010" will be part ofthe event. Please consider to become an attendee, speaker, exhibitor or sponsor.
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- Become an attendee and meet more then 600 industry players from over the world
We are looking forward meting you in Moscow.28.01.2009 05:47:37
The governments of the Kirov Region and the Kingdom of Denmark have agreed on long-term cooperation under the Kyoto Protocol, REGNUM is told at the regional government press center.
According to the press center, a treaty on purchase of emission cuts was signed between Kirov Regional State Enterprise Energy Efficiency Agency (Kirov region), the Danish Energy Agency of the Danish Ministry for Climate and Energy and the Northern Environmental Financial Corporation was signed at the Kirov Region government.
Governor Nikolai Shaklein, Kyoto Protocol program coordinator of the Denmark Energy Agency Jakob Linulf were present at the signing ceremony.
While signing the document, the sides noted that the event marks a start of the long-term cooperation between the governments of Denmark and Kirov Region that envisages joint effort to improve the environment. During the ceremony, the governor emphasized: "Implementation of provisions of the Kyoto Protocol will allow our region not only developing environmentally friendly technologies but will foster attracting extra investment resources into modernization projects of the regional energy complex."
A large delegation composed of the Omsk government and Omsk parliament representatives, directors of diverse industrial branches located on the North Kazakhstan region have visited the new complex of biotechnology enterprises OOO "Biochim".
This complex emerged as the combined Russian - Kazakh joint project realized by the Omsk OOO "Titan" company group and TOO "Basko". This unique enterprise constructed in the town of Tayinsha can turn out 57 000 t of bioethanol through the deep wheat processing.. Bioethanol is the new raw material to make gasoline. This kind of fuel is ecologically preferable because it reduces harmful exhaustes generated during gas combustion.
The complex includes also the elevator, mill and multiple additional structures with the overall value of $ 100 mln. It is planned to build the same complex in Omsk as well, therefore the interst od Omsk specialists.
Scientists from Novosibirsk invented an effective method to prevent oil pollutions. The preparation "Degroil" can decompose the oil soiling. The preparation works the following way : when the oil product is dissolved , bacteria inhabiting the soil are activated and perform the further disintegration. The preparation is easy to use, it presents no harm for humans and animals. To disintegrate the oil product it is sufficient to treat the soiled plot of land with diluted concentrate of the preparation. The idea was already tested - the preparation was poured into the puddle containing coal tear - waste of a plant. In 2 months the volume of tear reduced by 20%. The plant in Novosibirsk can produce 100 t of the preparation a year,
The American Coskata developed a new process to make the ethyl alcohol. The process makes it possible to apply any organic raw materials, including solid household wastes, old tires, wastes from wood processing etc. One liter of alcohol obtained with the new technology costs 26 cents ($1/gallon).
The technology will be applied primarily to produce the motor fuel. Presently, the alcohol fuel, bioethanol, is made in USA mainly of vegetable raw materials, corn first of all. Such alcohol is rather expensive, besides the use of the arable land for "biofuel" cultures causes the food price rise . This explains the interest for fuel ethanol production from non-food raw materials.
Coskata managed to combine in one technology both the traditional chemical and biochemical approaches. On the first stage, the raw material is gasified - the organic molecules are tansformed in the presence of a catalyst to synthetic gas, a mixture of CO and hydrogen. The synthetic gas is well known in the chemical industry, primarily as the base to generate another alcohol - methanol. Besides, the synthetic gas can be used to obtain hydrocarbons and other valuable chemical compounds.
Coscata uses the synthetic gas to obtain the ethyl alcohol. The company gave up using traditional catalysts and replaced them by specially selected bacteria presenting the specific know-how of the process. The developer call them "proprietary" bacteria . Microorganisms inhabiting bioreactor consume synthetic gas and generate high purity ethanol while traditional catalysts produce alcohol mixtures demanding additional separation and purification. Besides, bacteria are non so sensitive against catalysts poisons (for instance sulfuric compounds) making thus possible to lower the cost of the process by avoiding purification stage.
The Coscata idea has drawn the attention of automobile branch. The implementation of the process will be supported by General Motors.
The Uzbek Institute for mineral resources has developed a method to obtain an organic-mineral fertilizer of coal extraction wastes containing high percentage of gumin acid. The fertilizers are prepared by a biotechnological method. The wastes primarily mixed with a certain volume of benthonite or benthonite clay are put into the special container disseminated with specific microorganisms.
These microorganisms are separated previously from heaps and soil and then bred in the medium made of organic substances , for instance coarse cotton or rice meal. Ferments enrich the wastes with gumin acids . These acids present the principle ingredient of the natural product generated in the soil, the so called humus, which is the base of the soil fertility. The process takes one-three weeks. The processed mass is blown every day for 5-10 minutes with oxygen. The tests with the new fertilizer have shown it to rise the cotton harvest by over 10%. The experts say that there is no necessity to produce such fertilizers specially, they can be easily found in wastes, for instance the wastes of Angren coal washing plant contain over 10 million of those.
It's hard to imagine an industry that isn't affected by the global financial crisis, and science is no exception. The credit crunch will slow the development of new medicines, too, say economists and scientists meeting in London today and tomorrow.
The concern for novel treatments follows a boom time in the development of so-called "lifestyle drugs" to treat conditions such as impotence and baldness, which critics say has eclipsed innovation in treatments for serious diseases and those in developing countries where people cannot afford high-priced medicine. Investment in biotechs, companies that focus on developing new technologies from biology, last year hit a record-high $50 billion, but "the signs are that this has flattened," says David Wield, director of the Economic and Social Research Council's Innogen Center in Edinburgh.
We asked Wield, who is set to speak at the Genomics and Society: Reinventing Life meeting today, how serious a threat the market crisis poses to pharmaceutical innovation.
The following is an edited transcript.
Are there particular classes of drugs or diseases that you expect will be hardest hit?
The most risky areas and those most dependent on venture capital investment are likely to be the ones that suffer first - probably early-stage biotech companies with novel approaches to therapies for which there is not yet a clear route to market via the multinational company routes (such as stem cell therapies). One piece of evidence is a recent survey conducted for Mid-Atlantic Biosciences firms for their conference last week, [in which] the companies emphasized the early stage, or A round, as most vulnerable to the financial crisis.
The Crimea peninsula connected with the continent through a narrow bridge is especially prone to suffer from the fuel and energy shortage. Ecologic considerations prevented until recent time the production of motor fuel in Crimea. The gas prices exceed those in the other part of the Ukraine by 5-10 per cent. The Crimean ministers are up to get rid of the energy dependency and to organize the local fuel production.
The Ukraine dreams to become "biological Kuwait". In 2000 the law "On the alternative liquid fuel" has been issued. Pilot plant are already functioning in Kharkov, Poltava and Lvov, They turn out 603 thou t of raps but are able to process only 120 thou t with the rest being imported.
The lion share of raps is grown in the Crimea (30 000 ha previous year, 43 000 ha this year), but the major part of it is also exported. The target is set to tank with the biofuel not alien but own engines.
The processing of raps seeds will be organized on the base of the former butter factory now standing idle. The creation of the plant will cost some $5-6 mln.
Press-center of the Council of Ministers, March, 20, 2008
The AO "National company "Foodstuff contract corporation" plans to build in 2009-2011 a bioethanol complex in the north of the republic The complex will offer the production capacity of 100 thou t bioethanol and 34 thou t gluten a year.
In 2011-2013 the biodiesel enterprise will be constructed producing up to 100 thou t fuel. Kazakhstan is constantly rising the raps growing area. In 2008 the culture will occupy 235.4 thou ha, 37.9 % more than in previous year.
Duma speaker and the "United Russia" leader Boris Gryzlov believes that the state has to substantially increase the assistance of creative people , to enlarge the financing of research and construction ventures.
He pointed out that presently the financing of research and construction works in Russia totals 1% of the GNP while the correspondent figure in developed countries is 4-6 times higher.
The inventions presenting the frontier of the science demand substantial assets to be implemented and the inventors usually badly lack the money